As hurricanes rip through the Caribbean and tear into Central America, it would seem common sense to acknowledge the ills of fossil fuel dependence and mobilize for radical transformation. Yet Latin America and the Caribbean have long been subjected to the oil-dominated foreign policy and military interests of the United States. And, as we have seen in Mexico, Cuba, Venezuela, and Bolivia, even resistance to this imperialist project has long depended on oil in its increasingly deep and dangerous iterations. Might activists and thinkers on the left find a way to envision political projects that transcend a long-standing dependence on the idea of oil nationalism and oil sovereignty?
Fossil Fuels and Toxic Landscapes