Social Movements, Political Parties, and Electoral Triumph in El Salvador

Paul D. Almeida

In June, Funes assumed the presidency, representing the first peaceful transfer of power to a political party of the left in the Salvadoran republic’s 188-year history. How did this happen? Funes’s unprecedented victory is best understood as the result of an alliance between the FMLN and Salvadoran popular movements. This alliance was shaped in the context of two powerful forces unleashed in the post–Cold War era: democratization and neoliberalism.


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