The Climate Debt: Who Profits, Who Pays?

Nation-states in the Global South have historically contributed the least to carbon-dioxide emissions but are especially vulnerable to the consequences of climatic shifts because of the damage wrought by extractive industries and the limited resources to cope with such damage.  


Taking Note

Michael Fox
The news poured down like a hard Venezuelan rain—Hugo Chávez had passed. After a two-year-long battle with cancer, we should have been prepared. But we weren’t. For members of Venezuela’s grassroots movements, Chávez meant the hope of a better life, and the means to organize to accomplish it.

Open Forum

Steve Ellner
Many accounts of recent Venezuelan developments imply or state explicitly that with the late Hugo Chávez out of the picture, Venezuela will be forced to change course completely or face a dreadful crisis. In their focus on Chávez’s personal qualities and his allegedly unsustainable policies (such as massive handouts to the poor), these analyses lose sight of the central and active role played by the popular sectors in the process of change in Venezuela.  


Roger Burbach
This is a fruitful period of experimentation and debate in Cuba. It is now almost seven years since Raúl Castro replaced his brother Fidel, first as interim president in 2006 and then as president in 2008. Under Raúl, the country is taking steps to transform the economy, and a critical discussion is erupting over the dismantling of the authoritarian Communist model.
Richard Feinberg
Assessing foreign investment in Cuba is complicated by the scarcity of data. The Cuban government’s culture of secrecy takes on extreme form when it addresses international capital flows. A small island economy the size of Tennessee, Cuba finds itself in the crossroads of world history and the global economy. In recent years, Cuba has suffered from the painful external shocks of exorbitant energy costs and rising food prices. And the island has been laid siege to by its formerly dominant and geographically proximate economic partner, the United States.


Carlos Martinez
While the U.S. Millennium Challenge Corporation states that it is committed to community-led development and sustainable agriculture, their founders and donors have invested millions of dollars in the biotechnology industry and favor technological solutions for high-input industrial farming. Can their market-based solutions to development issues in El Salvador be sustainable in the long-term?

Border Wars

Patricia M. Martin and Annie Lapalme
In December, the Méndez Reyes family became the latest in a series of political asylum cases in Montreal that have gained the media’s attention. Such cases have served to illuminate a much broader but largely silent and invisible phenomenon, as thousands of other Mexican asylum seekers have also been forcibly expelled from Canada in recent years.


Carlota McAllister
Economic growth and most of the creature comforts enjoyed in developed and, increasingly, developing countries depend on the instant availability of power. Our lives would quickly become unrecognizable if the power stopped coming.
Daniel Aldana Cohen
In the months since Rio+20, the euphoric energy has dimmed and civil society is divided. In Brazil’s climate-justice community, a defiant pessimism now reigns, while a triumphant state mostly gets its way.
Bret Gustafson
Like their conservative neighbors, left-leaning governments are entangled in Latin America’s renewed dependence on natural-resource extraction. It is not clear whether these regimes can pursue the deepening of social, political, and economic democratization while they are still resource pools for the destructive global assault on nature and the climate.
Nicole Fabricant and Kathryn Hicks
Climate-justice activists are up against fossil-fuel giants from the Global North intent upon blocking any meaningful progress on reduction of carbon-dioxide emissions, as well as the capitalist economy itself, and the dependence on nonrenewable resources to fuel a particular way of life.
Nicole Fabricant
Nation-states in the Global South have historically contributed the least to carbon-dioxide emissions but are especially vulnerable to the consequences of climatic shifts because of the damage wrought by extractive industries and the limited resources to cope with such damage.
Astrid Bredholt Stensrud
Climate change in the Andes is a kind of chronic disaster that creates winners and losers and thus power struggles within a water regime influenced by individualized responsibilities. The struggle of poor and indigenous people for collective responsibilities in water management is thus an attempt to take control of an uncertain future.
Unión Base, Puyo, August 3rd, 2009
CONFENIAE’s Denunciation of REDD Initiatives.
Eduardo Gudynas
In Bolivia a broad political and cultural exercise is taking place that explores what should be understood as “alternatives to development.” New issues, like vivir bien and the rights of nature, represent examples of such alternatives, which should be differentiated from “development alternatives.”
Juliet S. Erazo
Often unable to tax or collect annual dues from their residents, the leaders of indigenous territories must seek funds to support their governance by working with outsiders. Territorial titling can thus pressure residents into new entanglements with capital, state bureaucracies, and foreign organizations.



Keane Bhatt
As a careful examination of the language and coverage of nearly four years of New York Times articles reveals, concern for freedom and democracy in Latin America has not been an honest concern for the liberal media institution.


Yarimar Bonilla
On July 5, 2012, the world-renowned anthropologist, historian, and writer Michel-Rolph Trouillot passed away in his home in Chicago, after a decade-long struggle to recover from a brain aneurism. He was 62. Trouillot leaves behind a rich body of work striking in its compelling prose, intellectual sophistication, theoretical rigor, and disciplinary innovation.

From the Archive

Rubén Martinez
In keeping with our efforts to maintain a healthy connection with our past, NACLA has inaugurated this “From the Archives” section to bring to our readers some of the best and most interesting material that we have published over our first 46 years. In this issue we put the spotlight on the Salvadoran-Chicano journalist Rubén Martínez who, some 16 years ago, in a Report on Mexico, wrote of the ambiguities of trans-border identities in what quickly became a NACLA classic: “Beyond Borders.” Read and enjoy.