In August 2013, Federal District Court Judge Shira A. Scheindlin ruled that the New York Police Department (NYPD) practice of “stop-and-frisk” is unconstitutional because it violates the civil rights of blacks and Latinos who are disproportionately targets of the program.
In the mid-1970s the New York media alerted the public to a “Latin Boom” in the big city. Back then it was the salsa craze, the emergence of a new wave of politicians and activists, and the surpassing of the one million threshold in the Latino population.
In late November, it appeared the right in Latin America might be taking the initiative, but the elections in Venezuela and Chile in December provided new momentum for the left-leaning governments and the ascent of post-neoliberal policies. Over the past decade and a half, the rise of the left has been inextricably tied to the electoral process.